The initiative of the holder of executive power and President, João Lourenço, covers only crimes committed in the last seven years and will be discussed during the first ordinary plenary meeting of the first legislative session of the V Legislature of the National Assembly.
The Government approved, on 8 November, the proposal for an Amnesty Law, for common or military crimes with prison sentences of up to 10 years, committed by nationals or foreigners in the last seven years, except for embezzlement and money laundering.
The document, now in parliament for discussion and approval, was approved in the extraordinary session of the Council of Ministers, chaired by President João Lourenço.
At the end of the meeting, the Minister of Justice and Human Rights, Marcy Lopes, told the press that the proposed law covers crimes committed between November 12, 2015 and November 11, 2022.
Marcy Lopes indicated that the proposal presented by the head of executive power aims to amnesty all common crimes with a prison sentence of up to 10 years, committed by national or foreign citizens, with some exceptions in the types of crimes, including embezzlement and money laundering.
"As is known, in 2015, the last amnesty law was approved. This is the reason why the temporal scope of this bill, which is now submitted to the National Assembly, has this temporal spectrum", underlined the minister.
The holder of the Justice and Human Rights portfolio stressed that the legal diploma also proposes amnesty for military crimes punishable with a prison sentence of up to 10 years, with the exception of intentional crimes, committed with violence and which resulted in death.
"A generic pardon is also foreseen for agents of crimes that have not been covered by the amnesty and this pardon is in the order of a quarter of the sentence that was applied to these citizens", he stressed.
According to Marcy Lopes, the proposal does not cover intentional crimes committed with violence or threat to people, which resulted in death or when a firearm was used, more precisely, violent crimes.
The crimes of trafficking in narcotics and psychotropic substances, which are not minor, that is, "all crimes that include drug trafficking and that have a greater scope, will not be amnestied", explained the minister.
The government official stressed that crimes of human trafficking or sexual trafficking in persons, crimes of trafficking in arms and war ammunition, sexual crimes with penetration, sexual crimes against minors or those that have been committed by means of sexual assault and the crimes of promoting and aiding illegal immigration.
The list of excluded crimes also includes embezzlement, money laundering, environmental crimes, and those resulting in vandalism, destruction or deprivation of public goods.
The former prime minister, Marcolino Moco, however, considered that the proposal for an Amnesty Law will only serve to "exempt those who continue to divert the treasury to their accounts, very regrettably abroad".
"Their names are known, I won't say because everyone knows them, they are close to the President. At first glance, they are the ones who will benefit from this law when it is approved", said Marcolino Moco, in statements to Lusa news agency about the proposal. of law.