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Angola rises in the Global Peace Index and is in 78th place

Angola climbed 14 places, to 78th place, in the Global Peace Index, according to the report published this Tuesday. Mozambique, on the other hand, had one of the biggest drops, to 122nd position in 163 countries, due to terrorism in the country.


The country climbed 14 places in the Index to 78th place due to improvements in reducing violent demonstrations, the impact of terrorism, and improving perceptions of crime, although there is a strong economic cost of violence in the country.

"It also showed a greater commitment to financing peacekeeping [missions] and reduced spending on the armed forces as a percentage of GDP [Gross Domestic Product] and imported fewer weapons," said Killelea, in statements to the Lusa agency.

Mozambique dropped 11 places, the second highest drop in the safety and security indicator, behind only Ukraine, due to the country's conflict with terrorist groups, according to an analysis by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).

This resulted in an increase in the number of refugees, violent demonstrations and political terror.

"However, the impact of terrorism has improved and deaths from internal conflict have also reduced," noted IEP founder and director Steve Killelea, who credited the progress to Maputo's collaboration with Rwanda and the African Development Community in combating Islamic state.

Cabo Delgado province is rich in natural gas, but has been terrorized since 2017 by armed rebels, with some attacks claimed by the Islamic State extremist group.

There are 784,000 internally displaced people due to the conflict, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and about 4,000 deaths, according to the ACLED conflict registry project.

Since July 2021, an offensive by government troops with the support of Rwanda, which was later joined by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), made it possible to recover areas where there was a presence of rebels, in the north, near Tanzania, but the escape of these it has provoked new attacks in other districts used as a passage or temporary refuge.

Of the remaining Portuguese-speaking countries analyzed, Timor-Leste remained in 54th place, Equatorial Guinea dropped six positions to 59th and Guinea-Bissau dropped nine to 110th position in the list of 163 countries. Brazil remained in 130th place.

The Global Peace Index, currently in its 16th edition, analyzes trends in peace, the economic value and how to develop peaceful societies, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators in three domains: the level of security and social protection, the scale of the ongoing domestic and international conflict, and the degree of militarization.

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