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Challenges and opportunities in territorial planning and management in Angola

Manuel Marques

Graduated in Sociology from the University of Integration of Afro-Brazilian Lusofonia (UNILAB) and graduated in Bachelor of Humanities. Researcher in the area of teacher training, sociology of violence and democracy in Angola.

Angola, being an underdeveloped and developing country, faces very significant challenges in relation to the planning and management of its territory. In this sense, due to territorial disorder conflicts, rapid urbanization and socio-economic inequalities, the country is faced with the pressing need to implement effective strategies for territorial planning.

: Andre P.
Andre P.  

This theme will address the main challenges and opportunities that Angola faces in this context, highlighting issues such as urban development, environmental preservation, equitable distribution of resources and community participation.

Regarding the issue of challenges, we can see the uncontrolled urbanization that has arisen due to rapid population growth or population exodus in urban and non-urban areas.

In the same way, this population exodus ends up overloading existing infrastructures such as problems of housing shortages for the population and lack of adequate access to basic services, such as sewage and the issue of traffic congestion.

This national and regional disparity in the development of public policies and territorial management planning in Angola causes a huge difference between urban and rural regions in Angola. Therefore, it influences socio-economic and social inequalities in the lives of Angolan citizens at a high level.

Furthermore, there has been inadequate management of environmental and natural resources, which is causing drought in the south of the country and threatening the sustainability of the environment. However, the lack of government institutional capacity to create policies and plan actions that can regulate and implement effective policies in territorial planning is still a major problem in Angola.

In terms of opportunity, the State needs to invest and encourage the population's participation in policy planning linked to territorial management. Feasibility studies and engineering laboratories at public and private universities must be actively involved to meet specific needs and inspire the population so that we can have democratic and participatory management.

So much so that sustainable urban planning promotes the development of more sustainable cities, with an emphasis on affordable housing, efficient public transport, green spaces and climate-resilient infrastructure, which can improve the quality of urban life and reduce environmental impacts.

Therefore, we conclude that territorial planning and management in Angola are crucial to face the development challenges faced by the country and take advantage of sustainable growth opportunities.

By addressing issues such as uncontrolled urbanization, regional disparities and natural resource management, and by leveraging opportunities for sustainable urban planning, infrastructure investment, sustainable natural resource management and community participation, Angola can build a more prosperous and inclusive future for all its citizens.

Opinion of
Manuel Marques

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