"The current challenges of development: the role of science, technology and innovation" is the theme of the event that precedes the United Nations General Assembly, which will take place between the 19th and 26th in New York, but the reforms of the institutions multilaterals will also occupy the debates.
Among the more than 30 heads of state who confirmed their presence in Havana are the presidents of Angola, João Lourenço – the PR arrived in the Cuban capital this Thursday morning – of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, of Mozambique , Filipe Nyusi, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Timor-Leste, Bendito Freitas, and representatives of the governments of almost all CPLP member states.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, will open the meeting, after, in a message to the G77+China summit left this week, having considered "it is very important that developing countries fight to guarantee the necessary transformations in international systems, in order to create conditions so that they can face the challenges and recover the momentum of their development".
The summit gives particular visibility to Cuban diplomacy – Cuba assumes the "pro tempore" presidency of the G77+China Group for the first time – which since the beginning of the year has placed the emphasis of its mandate on the urgency of reforming the multilateral financial system.
Developing countries demand the reinforcement of the global financial safety net and greater and more equitable access to international financing in times of crisis, namely through regular issuance of Special Drawing Rights and another of their biggest concerns is the issue of debt.
They also want changes in the governance of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, which would allow them to strengthen their participation in these bodies.
The G77 was created in 1964 within the UN, within the group of Non-Aligned countries, by 77 developing countries. Today it has 134 members. China, which does not consider itself a member of the group, has participated in the G77 since 1992.